Hampden-Sydney began as the southernmost representative of the "Log College" form of higher education established by the Scotch-Irish Presbyterians in America, whose academic ideal was the University of Edinburgh, seat of the Scottish Enlightenment. The first president, at the suggestion of Dr. John Witherspoon, the Scottish president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), chose the name Hampden-Sydney to symbolize devotion to the principles of representative government and full civil and religious freedom which John Hampden (1594-1643) and Algernon Sydney (1622-1683) had outspokenly supported, and for which they had given their lives, in England's two great constitutional crises of the previous century. They were widely invoked as hero-martyrs by American colonial patriots, and their names immediately associated the College with the cause of independence championed by James Madison, Patrick Henry, and other less well-known but equally vigorous patriots who composed the College's first Board of Trustees. Indeed, the original students eagerly committed themselves to the revolutionary effort, organized a militia-company, drilled regularly, and went off to the defenses of Williamsburg, and of Petersburg, in 1777 and 1778 respectively. Their uniform of hunting-shirts - dyed purple with the juice of pokeberries - and grey trousers justifies the College's traditional colors, garnet and grey. The College, first proposed in 1771, was formally organized in February 1775, when the Presbytery of Hanover, meeting at Nathaniel Venable's Slate Hill plantation (about two miles south of the present campus), accepted a gift of one hundred acres for the College, elected Trustees (most of whom were Episcopalian), and named as Rector (later President) the Rev. Samuel Stanhope Smith, valedictorian of the Princeton class of 1769, who had been actively promoting the idea of establishing a college in the heavily Scotch-Irish area of south-central Virginia since he began his ministry there in 1774. Within only ten months, Smith secured an adequate subscription of funds and an enrollment of 110 students. Intending to model the new college after his own alma mater, he journeyed to Princeton to secure the founding faculty, which included his younger brother, John Blair Smith. On that 1775 trip he also visited Philadelphia to enlist support and to purchase a library and scientific apparatus. Students and faculty gathered for the opening of the first winter term on 10 November 1775. The College has never suspended operations. Early fund-raising efforts were varied (they included a state-sanctioned lottery) and vigorous; despite war-time inflation and other economic dislocations, financial support of and general interest in the College were sufficient guarantees of its viability that in 1783 the General Assembly granted by statute a charter of incorporation, partly written by Patrick Henry. In its first fifty years the College prospered and gained the respect of the public and of the educational world. As early as the 1790s its influence was being felt elsewhere, as alumni and former presidents and faculty members began founding or organizing other institutions, including Union College, New York (1795), by ex-President J.B. Smith; Princeton Seminary (1812), by ex-President Archibald Alexander and the University of Virginia (1819), by Joseph Carrington Cabell, class of 1800. The Medical College of Virginia was established (1838) at Richmond as the medical department of Hampden-Sydney; Union Theological Seminary in Virginia (1822) was founded at Hampden-Sydney and occupied the south end of the present campus for some seventy-five years before its relocation in Richmond. The College matured physically and academically through the first half of the nineteenth century, enjoying the services of some remarkably gifted leaders. Jonathan P. Cushing, a Dartmouth man and the first layman and first non-Presbyterian to be president, oversaw during his fourteen-year tenure (1821-1835) the abandonment of the College's original buildings in favor of the handsome Federal architecture which still distinguishes the campus; his greatest physical monument, Cushing Hall, which once housed the entire College operation, has recently undergone renovations. The world-renowned chemist, Dr. John W. Draper, who built the first camera to photograph a living person, was professor at Hampden-Sydney from 1836 to 1839. Religious controversy, the nation's and Virginia's economic troubles, and the Civil War and its aftermath were for two generations the testing-fires of Hampden-Sydney as a stronghold of academic quality. Fortunately for the College, the longest-tenured of its presidents, the able and dedicated J.M.P. Atkinson, served from before the War through Reconstruction (1857-1883); he performed the remarkable feat of keeping the College solvent, while insistently upholding both disciplinary and academic standards. Once again, at the outset of war the student body organized a company, with the president as captain. These men, officially mustered as Company G, 20th Virginia Regiment, "The Hampden-Sydney Boys," saw action in the disaster of Rich Mountain 910 July 1861), were captured, and were paroled by General George B. McClellan on the condition that they return to their studies. During the presidencies of Dr. Atkinson and his eminent successor, Dr. Richard McIlwaine, many features of current student life were introduced ï¿½ social fraternities, sports, and student government, for example; other student activities flourished at their highest level, such as the literary, or debating, societies and musical clubs. In addition, in 1898 the Seminary moved to Richmond and a most generous alumnus, Major R.M. Venable, class of 1857, bought its buildings and gave them to the College, doubling the physical plant. The curriculum was expanded, strengthening the coherent tradition of liberal education which had become the hallmark of the College. Through the twentieth century, faced with increasing competition for students and with declining general respect for the liberal arts, the College cautiously and deliberately pursued the aim of honoring the demands of its well-defined heritage. Ably led through the Depression and World War II and their aftermath by Presidents Joseph D. Eggleston (1919-1939) and Edgar G. Gammon (1939-1955), the College expanded massively in size, strength, and stature. In the last half of the century new dimensions of commitment to old principles were opened, and all areas of the College's operation saw improvements: for example, under President W. Taylor Reveley II (1963-1977), Hundley Stadium (1963) and a new science building (Gilmer Hall, 1968) were built, the first computer center was established (1970), and Eggleston Library was more than doubled in size; under President Josiah Bunting III (1977-1987), a comprehensive program of refurbishment of campus structures was started, and the Kirby Fieldhouse (1980), the Crawley Forum, and six residence halls were built. Also under President Bunting, the academic program was significantly enriched: in a reassertion of the first President Smith's 1775 promise to pay "a more particular Attention . . . to the Cultivation of the English Language than is usually done in Places of public Education," the Rhetoric Program was instituted in 1978, with the clear purpose of ensuring that graduates "write clearly, cogently, and grammatically." The Honors Program, which has doubled the number of its participants in the last twenty-five years, has attracted students from across the country. President Samuel V. Wilson (1992-2000), a direct descendant of founding Trustee Nathaniel Venable, oversaw the continued expansion of the faculty, the completion of the renovation and reconstruction program (including all fraternity houses), and the addition of Settle Hall, the first building intended originally and exclusively as a dining hall in the College's history. Under President Wilson Fine Arts became a full department with programs for majors; the Center for Leadership in the Public Interest was established and was named for him upon his retirement; a wide-ranging series of symposia involving prominent authorities on subjects from the Trojan War to the Vietnam War and from Sophocles' Oedipus the King to the Human Genome Project began to attract considerable attention to and interest in the College's paracurricular intellectual life. The administration of President Walter M. Bortz III has seen the expansion of the College Bookstore and a new Fitness Center, both completed in 2004; the renovation of Johns Auditorium and the Fuqua Computing Center, completed in 2005; and the construction of the new library and the Lewis C. Everett Football Stadium, both completed in 2007. In the planning stage are a new Fine Arts center and adaptive renovation of Eggleston Hall, the former library, for academic and co-curricular uses. Thus the College enjoys a modern campus that combines the beauty of its rural setting and the Federal architectural style with up-to-date technology; the result is an ideal living and learning environment for young men in the 21st century. The academic, social, and cultural life of the College continues to be enriched, and Hampden-Sydney looks ahead with a wholesome optimism, bred of a sober integrity of mission coupled with a history of prudent development, and made possible by an extraordinary succession of leaders and benefactors of rare ability, commitment, and vision.
William H. Armstrong: teacher, author of the Newbery Medal-winning Sounder; Class of 1936. Stephen Colbert: comedian, host of The Colbert Report on Comedy Central. (Studied philosophy for two years before transferring to Northwestern University, and graduating in 1986.) Scott Cooper: actor, writer, producer of films such as Gods and Generals, Broken Trail, Directed and wrote screenplay for the Academy-Award winning film Crazy Heart films and TV shows. Cooper is also the Director of the 2013 American Thriller, Out of the Furnace, Class of 1992. J. Tayloe Emery: producer, journalist One by One Global AIDS/HIV PSA, writer, photographer, director. In 2005 produced the Emmy nominated anti-poverty commercial for Bono's ONE Campaign, Class of 1992. William Hoffman: author, Tidewater Blood, winner of the O. Henry Prize and the Dashiell Hammett Award, Class of 1949. Michael Knight: author of numerous short stories, novels, and has written screenplays; winner of the Playboy Fiction Writing Contest, Class of 1992. Thomas B. Mason: U.S. attorney and actor, Mississippi Burning, Crimes of the Heart and Gods and Generals, Class of 1940. John Phillips: musician, member of The Mamas & the Papas, attended but did not graduate, Class of 1956. Robert Porterfield: Founder of the Barter Theatre, attended but did not graduate but did get honorary degree of Doctor of Letters for his work in the theatre in 1948. Fred Reed: Author, "Nekkid in Austin", former staff reporter for The Washington Times and Soldier of Fortune, Class of 1968. William Smithers: actor, numerous roles in TV shows and several movies including Dallas, Papillion, Scorpio, Star Trek, etc., attended 1946-1948 before transferring to Catholic University to study acting, Class of 1950. Skipp Sudduth: actor, Third Watch, Ronin and numerous TV shows, Class of 1979. William Clayton Draughon Jr. Notable Real Estate and hog farming mogul in the greater Kenansville area including but not limited to Topsail Beach, Wrightsville Beach, and Wallace. John B Adams, Jr.: CEO of the Martin Agency, Class of 1971. Christopher T. Apostle: SVP of Sothebys, Class of 1985. Tom Barr: President & COO Hailo, former Vice President Global Coffee @ Starbucks Coffee Company, Class of 1990. W. Charles Blocker Jr: Senior Vice President and Director of Corporate Finance for Gannon International and former Chairman and CEO of Asian Trade Alliance, Inc., Class of 1984. Walter Blocker: Board of Governors, American Chamber of Commerce in Vietnam and Managing Director of GANNON Vietnam Limited, Class of 1990. Rob J. Bonaventura: President of Laidlaw & Company, Class of 1983. E. Rhodes Carpenter: founder of the Carpenter Company, Class of 1929. George B. Cartledge Jr.: Chairman Grand Home Furnishings, Class of 1963. Brad Cary: co-founder and CEO of Emigra Group, Class of 1985. Robert Citrone: Hedge fund manager Discovery Capital Management, Class of 1987. James Cook: founder of / Aurora Russia Limited, former Chairman of Delta Financial Group, former Chairman and CEO of GE Consumer Finance Russia, Class of 1986. Richard F. Cralle Jr.: Owner Green Front Furniture, Class of 1965. Michael R. Fitzsimmons: founder & CEO Delivery Agent, Class of 1995. Bernard S. Groseclose Jr.: CEO of the South Carolina State Ports Authority, Class of 1975. Gerhard Peter Gross: CEO Daimler Trucks-Mexico, Class of 1984. H. Hiter Harris III: co-founder and Managing Director of Harris Williams & Co, Class of 1983. David H. Head, Jr.: real estate, President of Head Companies, Class of 1993. Steven T. Huff: Chairman, TF Concrete Forming Systems and owner of Pensmore, Class of 1973. Maurice Jones: Rhodes Scholar, Secretary of Commerce for the State of Virginia, Class of 1986 Ed Kelley: Co-founder and former CFO & COO of Jiffy Lube, Class of 1975. Gary L. Kessler: CEO of Carey International, Class of 1986. Monte Lehmkuler: Senior Managing Director and Head of Equity Trading at FBR Capital Markets, Class of 1988. John G. Macfarlane III: COO of Tudor Investment Corporation and former Treasurer and Managing Director at Salomon Brothers, Class of 1976. David N. Martin: Founder and former President and CEO of the Martin Agency, Class of 1952. L. White Matthews III: former CFO Ecolab, Inc, former EVP of Finance of Union Pacific Corporation, Class of 1967. David J. McKittrick: former CFO of Gateway 2000, CFO of Ethanex Energy, Inc, Class of 1967. C. Cammack Morton: Real estate developer, CEO of Commercial Properties Development Corporation, Class of 1973. Charles C. Mottley: CEO of El Capitan Precious Metals, Inc, Class of 1956. Alphonso'Neil-White: first African-American student, Chairman of the board of Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Class of 1972. Frank W. Roach: CEO of North America for Wolseley plc, Class of 1973. Conrad F. Sauer IV: CEO of The C.F. Sauer Company, Class of 1972. John G. Scott: CEO of Toter Inc, Class of 1993. Warren M. Thompson: business, CEO of Thompson Hospitality Corporation, Class of 1981. Toby Usnik: SVP of Christie's, Class of 1985. I. Benjamin Watson: former SVP of Communications and Human Resource at Sprint Corporation, Class of 1971. Tom Pratt: current executive AIG, Class of 1971. John Mayo Pleasants Atkinson: President of Hampden-Sydney College from 1857ï¿½1883, Class of 1835. Willis Henry Bocock: First dean of The University of Georgia Graduate School, 1910ï¿½1928, prominent professor of Classics; Class of 1884. John L. Brinkley: Rhodes Scholar, Professor Hampden-Sydney College, Class of 1959. Author of College history. Charles William Dabney: president of University of Cincinnati, president of University of Tennessee; Class of 1873. Joseph Dupuy Eggleston: president of Virginia Tech, president of Hampden-Sydney College; Class of 1886. Landon C. Garland: president of Randolph-Macon College, president of the University of Alabama, and founding Chancellor of Vanderbilt University; Class of 1829. John L. Kirkpatrick: President of Davidson College, Class of ~1834. Drury Lacy: President of Davidson College, Founder of Peace College; Class of ~1823. John Bunyan Shearer: President of Davidson College, Class of ~1855. Paul S. Trible, Jr.: current president of Christopher Newport University, former U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative from Virginia, Class of 1968. Moses Waddel: fifth President of the University of Georgia, 1819-1829. One of the most prominent American educators of his time (many southern leaders studied under Waddel, including John C. Calhoun), class of 1791. George M. Bibb: Chief Justice of Kentucky, U.S. Senator from Kentucky, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Class of 1791. Thomas S. Bocock: the Speaker of the Confederate House, Class of 1838. William Henry Brodnax: general of Virginia militia during Nat Turner Rebellion and Virginia legislator Archibald C. Buchanan: Justice of the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia (1946ï¿½1969), author of Lucy v. Zehmer, a case involving mutual assent in contract known to first year law school students. Joseph C. Cabell: member of the Virginia General Assembly, Mr. Jefferson's "co-adjutor" in founding the University of Virginia, Class of 1800. William H. Cabell: Governor of Virginia; Class of 1789. Stokely G. Caldwell, Jr.: law, attorney for NASCAR drivers and sponsors, Class of 1978. Clement C. Dickinson, United States Representative from Missouri John Wayles Eppes: United States Representative and Senator; Class of 1786. John A. Field, Jr.: United States Federal Judge; Class of 1932. Samuel Lightfoot Flournoy: West Virginia State Senator and lawyer; Class of 1868. Thomas S. Flournoy: United States Representative and Confederate cavalry colonel in the Civil War. Hamilton Rowan Gamble: Missouri state legislator, presiding judge state supreme court, provisional(Unionist) governor of Missouri. William Branch Giles: member, both houses of Congress, Governor of Virginia; Class of 1791. Henry Bell Gilkeson: West Virginia Senator, West Virginia House of Delegates member, and Principal of the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind Jim Harrell, North Carolina legislator. William Henry Harrison: 9th president of the United States, Class of 1791. Eugene Hickok: U.S. Under Secretary of Education, Acting Deputy Secretary of Education, former Secretary of Education for Pennsylvania, founding member and former chairman of the Education Leaders Council; Class of 1972. Charles Hurt: D.C. bureau chief for the New York Post and former Capitol Hill Bureau Chief for the Washington Times, Class of 1995. Robert Hurt: Current Congressman for Virginia's Fifth Congressional District, and served as a member of the Virginia Senate and the Virginia House of Delegates, Class of 1991. Thomas M. Jackson, Jr.: president of the Virginia Board of Education, former member of the Virginia House of Delegates, Class of 1979. James M. Jordan, Jr.: former campaign manager for presidential candidate John Kerry, Class of 1983. Thomas W. Ligon: Maryland delegate, U.S. Representative, Governor of Maryland; Class of 1830. Jonathan L. Martin: senior political writer and blogger at Politico.com, Class of 1999. Charles V. McPhillips: Partner and Attorney with the Law Firm of Kaufman and Canoles, National Alumni Association President, Class of 1982. Elisha E. Meredith, Virginia state senator, United States Representative. Harvey B. Morgan: retired pharmacist and member of the Virginia House of Delegates, Class of 1952. Rod O'Connor: CEO of the 2004 Democratic National Convention and trustee of X Prize Foundation, Class of 1992. William Ballard Preston: U.S. Secretary of the Nevy, 1849ï¿½1850, U.S. House of Representatives, 1847ï¿½1849, Author of the "Preston Resolution" - the bill of Virginia's secession. Class 1824. Sterling Price: AKA "Old Pap," Governor of Missouri, Major General in Confederate Army, Leader of Confederate Colony in Vera Cruz, Mexico. Class of 1830. Roger Atkinson Pryor: U.S. Representative from Virginia, Brigadier General CSA, Justice of the New York Supreme Court; Class of 1845. John Thornton Knight, Class of 1880, Brigadier General, U.s.A., Commandant of Cadets at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Chief Quarter-Master, A.E.F Paul Reiber: Chief Justice of the Vermont State Supreme Court, Class of 1970. Robert Christian Rickers: Treasurer, Lunenburg County Virginia; Class of 1999. Alexander Rives: Judge of the Virginia Supreme Court, Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia, Class of 1825. William Cabell Rives: U.S. Representative from Virginia, U.S. Senator, Minister to France, and a Confederate Representative; attended but did not graduate. William Prescott Mills Schwind: attorney, Partner at Fulbright & Jaworski, Class of 1993. W. Sydnor Settle: law, retired partner at Simpson Thatcher & Bartlett, Class of 1955. Julious P. Smith Jr.: law, CEO of Williams Mullen, Class of 1965. William B. Spong, Jr. U.S. Senator from Virginia, Class of 1941. Robert Strange: U.S. Senator from North Carolina, author of Eoneguski (called "the first North Carolina novel"), Class of 1814. John Leighton Stuart: U.S. Ambassador to China, 1946ï¿½1949; President, Yenching University, Beijing, 1919ï¿½1946; Class of 1896. Paul S. Trible, Jr.: former U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative from Virginia, current president of Christopher Newport University, Class of 1968. Lee Trinkle: Governor of Virginia 1922-26, Class of 1896. Abraham B. Venable: United States representative and senator from Virginia, first president of the First National Bank of Virginia James R. Young, North Carolina Insurance Commissioner. W. James Young: attorney, Staff Attorney, National Right to Work Legal Defense Foundation, Inc., Class of 1986. Chris Peace: Member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 97th District, Class of 1998.